1 having or caused by an irregular surface; "trees with rough bark"; "rough ground"; "a rough ride"; "rough skin"; "rough blankets"; "his unsmooth face"; "unsmooth writing" [syn: unsmooth] [ant: smooth]
2 (of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse; "she was a diamond in the rough"; "rough manners"
3 not quite exact or correct; "the approximate time was 10 o'clock"; "a rough guess"; "a ballpark estimate" [syn: approximate, approximative]
4 full of hardship or trials; "the rocky road to success"; "they were having a rough time" [syn: rocky]
5 violently agitated and turbulent; "boisterous winds and waves"; "the fierce thunders roar me their music"- Ezra Pound; "rough weather"; "rough seas" [syn: boisterous, fierce]
6 unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound; "a gravelly voice" [syn: grating, gravel, gravelly, rasping, raspy]
7 ready and able to resort to force or violence; "pugnacious spirits...lamented that there was so little prospect of an exhilarating disturbance"- Herman Melville; "they were rough and determined fighting men" [syn: pugnacious]
8 of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped [ant: smooth]
10 not carefully or expertly made; "managed to make a crude splint"; "a crude cabin of logs with bark still on them"; "rough carpentry" [syn: crude]
11 not perfected; "a rough draft"; "a few rough sketches"
12 unpleasantly stern; "wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus"; "the nomad life is rough and hazardous" [syn: harsh] n : the part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short adv
1 with roughness or violence (`rough' is an informal variant for `roughly'); "he was pushed roughly aside"; "they treated him rough" [syn: roughly]
2 with rough motion as over a rough surface; "ride rough" [syn: roughly] v : prepare in preliminary or sketchy form [syn: rough in, rough out]
- IPA: /ɹʌf/
- Having a texture that has much friction. Not smooth; uneven.
- A rough estimate.
- The sea was rough.
- Being a teenager these days can be rough.
- Crude; unrefined
- His manners are a bit rough, but he means well.
- Violent; not
careful or subtle
- This box has been through some rough handling.
- Chinese: 粗魯, 粗鲁 (cūlǔ)
- Czech: hrubý
- Dutch: ruw, ruig
- Finnish: rosoinen
- French: rude, rugueux
- German: rauh, grob
- Hungarian: durva
- Ido: aspera
- Irish: garbh
- Italian: ruvido, rugoso
- Japanese: でこぼこな (dekobokona)
- Korean: 거친 (geochin)
- Portuguese: áspero
- Romanian: dur, aspru
- Russian: шероховатый (šeroχovátyj)
- Spanish: áspero
- Swedish: ojämn
- Telugu: గరుకు (garuku)
- Czech: hrubý
- Italian: approssimato
- Irish: garbh
- Italian: mosso
- Italian: difficile
- Italian: rude
unmowed part of golf-course
- Finnish: karheikko, raffi
- To create in an approximate form.
- Rough in the shape first, then polish the details.
- To physically assault someone in retribution
for something specific.
- The gangsters roughed him up a little.
Rough may refer to:
rough in German: Rough
rough in French: Rough
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unconscionable, uncouth, uncultivated, uncultured, uncut, undecorous, underdeveloped, undeveloped, undressed, unequable, unequal, uneven, unevenly, unfair, unfashioned, unfeeling, unfinished, unformed, unfortunate, ungentle, ungentlemanly, ungodly, ungracious, unhewn, unjust, unkempt, unlabored, unladylike, unlevel, unlicked, unlucky, unmethodical, unmetrical, unmusical, unorthodox, unpleasant, unpolished, unprocessed, unrefined, unregular, unrhythmical, unseemly, unsettled, unshaped, unsmooth, unsparing, unstable, unsteady, unsystematic, untreated, ununiform, unworked, unwrought, uphill, upstart, vague, variable, variegated, variform, various, varying, veering, vehement, venomous, violent, violently, virulent, vitriolic, vulgar, vulgarian, vulgarist, wallop, wandering, washboard, wavering, wicked, wild, wimpled, wobbling, wobbly, working drawing, wrangler, yahoo, yokel