AskDefine | Define rough

Dictionary Definition

rough adj
1 having or caused by an irregular surface; "trees with rough bark"; "rough ground"; "a rough ride"; "rough skin"; "rough blankets"; "his unsmooth face"; "unsmooth writing" [syn: unsmooth] [ant: smooth]
2 (of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse; "she was a diamond in the rough"; "rough manners"
3 not quite exact or correct; "the approximate time was 10 o'clock"; "a rough guess"; "a ballpark estimate" [syn: approximate, approximative]
4 full of hardship or trials; "the rocky road to success"; "they were having a rough time" [syn: rocky]
5 violently agitated and turbulent; "boisterous winds and waves"; "the fierce thunders roar me their music"- Ezra Pound; "rough weather"; "rough seas" [syn: boisterous, fierce]
6 unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound; "a gravelly voice" [syn: grating, gravel, gravelly, rasping, raspy]
7 ready and able to resort to force or violence; "pugnacious spirits...lamented that there was so little prospect of an exhilarating disturbance"- Herman Melville; "they were rough and determined fighting men" [syn: pugnacious]
8 of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped [ant: smooth]
9 not shaped by cutting or trimming; "an uncut diamond"; "rough gemstones" [syn: uncut] [ant: cut]
10 not carefully or expertly made; "managed to make a crude splint"; "a crude cabin of logs with bark still on them"; "rough carpentry" [syn: crude]
11 not perfected; "a rough draft"; "a few rough sketches"
12 unpleasantly stern; "wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus"; "the nomad life is rough and hazardous" [syn: harsh] n : the part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short adv
1 with roughness or violence (`rough' is an informal variant for `roughly'); "he was pushed roughly aside"; "they treated him rough" [syn: roughly]
2 with rough motion as over a rough surface; "ride rough" [syn: roughly] v : prepare in preliminary or sketchy form [syn: rough in, rough out]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

rūh

Pronunciation

Adjective

  1. Having a texture that has much friction. Not smooth; uneven.
    • 2005, Plato, Sophist. Translation by Lesley Brown. 229e.
      Teaching that's done by talking seems to have one rough path and another part which is smoother.
  2. Approximate.
    A rough estimate.
  3. Turbulent.
    The sea was rough.
  4. Difficult; trying.
    Being a teenager these days can be rough.
  5. Crude; unrefined
    His manners are a bit rough, but he means well.
  6. Violent; not careful or subtle
    This box has been through some rough handling.

Antonyms

Translations

not smooth
approximate
  • Czech: hrubý
  • Italian: approssimato
turbulent
  • Irish: garbh
  • Italian: mosso
difficult
  • Italian: difficile
crude
  • Italian: rude

Noun

  1. The unmowed part of a golf course.
  2. A crude person.
  3. A scuffed and roughened area of the pitch, where the bowler's feet fall, used as a target by spin bowlers because of its unpredictable bounce.

Translations

unmowed part of golf-course
  • Finnish: karheikko, raffi

Verb

  1. To create in an approximate form.
    Rough in the shape first, then polish the details.
  2. To physically assault someone in retribution for something specific.
    The gangsters roughed him up a little.

Extensive Definition

Rough may refer to:
rough in German: Rough
rough in French: Rough

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Babbitt, Herculean, Philistine, Spartan, abrupt, abstruse, abuse, acerb, acerbic, acid, acidulous, acrid, acrimonious, acute, aggressive, agitated, amaroidal, approximate, arduous, arrested, arriviste, asperous, assault, astringent, attack, austere, backward, bad, batter, battler, bearish, beastly, beat up, belabor, belligerent, belted knight, bickerer, biting, bitter, bitter as gall, blade, block out, blueprint, bluff, blunt, blustering, blustery, boisterous, boor, boss, bouncy, bounder, bourgeois, brash, brassy, bravo, brawler, brazen, brief, broken, broken ground, broken water, brokenly, brouillon, bruise, brusque, brutal, brutally, brutishly, bucko, buffet, bully, bullyboy, bumpy, cacophonous, cad, capricious, careening, cartoon, catchy, caustic, cavalier, changeable, changing, chart, choked, chop, choppily, choppy, churl, churlish, clown, coarse, coarse-grained, coarsen, combatant, competitor, complex, contender, contestant, copy, corduroy, corduroy road, corrugated, corrugation, cracked, cragged, craggy, crass, critical, croaking, croaky, cross-grained, crude, cruel, crusty, cursory, curt, cutthroat, cutting, delicate, delineation, demanding, design, desperado, desultory, deviating, deviative, deviatory, devil, diagram, different, difficile, difficult, dirty, disconnected, discontinuous, discordant, discourteous, disorderly, disputant, disrespectful, divaricate, divergent, diversified, do violence to, do wrong by, do wrong to, double-edged, dour, draft, drastic, drawing, dry, duelist, earthy, ebauche, eccentric, edged, elevation, embryonic, enforcer, epicier, erose, erratic, escharotic, esquisse, exacting, excessive, exorbitant, extravagant, extreme, fencer, feuder, fierce, fighter, fighting cock, figure, firm, fitful, flickering, fluctuating, foggy, foilsman, formidable, formless, furious, gamecock, gaudy, general, gladiator, gnarl, goon, goose bumps, goose pimples, gooseflesh, gorilla, grained, grainy, granular, granulate, granulated, graph, grating, great, grim, gritty, gross, ground plan, groundling, gruff, gunman, guttering, guttersnipe, guttural, hairy, halting, hard, hard-earned, hard-fought, harsh, harsh-sounding, harum-scarum, hasty, hatchet man, hazy, heavy, hell-raiser, hellcat, herky-jerky, heteroclite, hoarse, homespun, hood, hooligan, horripilant, horripilate, horripilation, house plan, husky, ichnography, ill-bred, ill-bred fellow, ill-mannered, ill-treat, ill-use, immethodical, immoderate, imperfect, impolite, improper, impulsive, in embryo, in ovo, in the rough, incisive, inclement, incomplete, inconsiderate, inconsistent, inconstant, indecent, indelicate, inelegant, inequal, inexact, inharmonious, injure, intemperate, intense, intermittent, intermitting, intricate, ironbound, irregular, irregularly, irritating, jagged, jaggedly, jarring, jawbreaking, jerky, jogglety, joggling, joggly, jolting, jolty, jouster, keen, killer, knight, knob, knock about, knock-down-and-drag-out, knockabout, knotted, knotty, laborious, lambaste, lay on, linsey-woolsey, looby, lop, loud, lout, loutish, low fellow, lumpy, lurching, mad dog, malodorous, maltreat, manhandle, mark out, maul, mean, mercurial, meretricious, metallic, militant, mishandle, mistreat, mock-up, molest, mordacious, mordant, motley, mucker, mug, mutable, no picnic, nonconformist, nonstandard, nonuniform, nose-tickling, not easy, nouveau riche, obscene, operose, outline, outrage, outrageous, oversimple, parvenu, patchy, pattern, peasant, penetrating, piercing, pimple, pimply, piquant, pitted, plot, plug-ugly, pluralistic, pocky, poignant, pommel, pornographic, potholed, profile, projection, proximate, pummel, pungent, punk, quarreler, quick, ragged, raggedly, raging, rambling, rambunctious, rampageous, rank, rasping, raucid, raucous, raw, reductionistic, reductive, ribald, ridiculous, rigorous, rioter, ripple, ripply, rival, roiled, roisterous, rollicking, rotten, rough draft, rough up, rough-and-ready, rough-and-tumble, rough-cast, rough-grained, rough-hewn, roughcast, roughen, roughhewn, roughly, roughneck, roupy, rowdy, rude, rudimental, rudimentary, ruffian, ruffled, rugged, rutted, rutty, sabreur, sandpaper, savage, savagely, scabrous, scathing, scraggy, scrapper, scrappy, scuffler, set with thorns, severe, shagged, shaggy, shapeless, sharp, short, simplistic, skeleton, sketch, sketchy, smutty, snatchy, snippy, solid, sour, spasmatic, spasmic, spasmodic, spastic, spiny, splitting, sporadic, spotty, squabbler, squawking, squawky, stabbing, staggering, steep, stern, stertorous, stinging, stormy, strangled, strenuous, strident, stridulous, stringent, strong arm, strong-arm man, strong-armer, struggler, stud, stunted, surly, swashbuckler, sword, swordplayer, swordsman, table, tart, tempestuous, textured, thick, thorny, thrash, throaty, thug, ticklish, tilter, tinny, toilsome, tough, trace, trenchant, tricksy, tricky, truculent, trying, turbulent, tussler, unbecoming, unblown, uncertain, uncivil, uncivilized, uncompleted, unconscionable, uncouth, uncultivated, uncultured, uncut, undecorous, underdeveloped, undeveloped, undressed, unequable, unequal, uneven, unevenly, unfair, unfashioned, unfeeling, unfinished, unformed, unfortunate, ungentle, ungentlemanly, ungodly, ungracious, unhewn, unjust, unkempt, unlabored, unladylike, unlevel, unlicked, unlucky, unmethodical, unmetrical, unmusical, unorthodox, unpleasant, unpolished, unprocessed, unrefined, unregular, unrhythmical, unseemly, unsettled, unshaped, unsmooth, unsparing, unstable, unsteady, unsystematic, untreated, ununiform, unworked, unwrought, uphill, upstart, vague, variable, variegated, variform, various, varying, veering, vehement, venomous, violent, violently, virulent, vitriolic, vulgar, vulgarian, vulgarist, wallop, wandering, washboard, wavering, wicked, wild, wimpled, wobbling, wobbly, working drawing, wrangler, yahoo, yokel
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